National Park Service NPS Archeology & Ethnography Program
photo: grey literature publications

Help with Queries to NADB-Reports

General Help

NADB-Reports provides a multiple field form to better target your bibliographical search by using more than one field at a time. The fields include State, County, Author, Title, Publication Date, Worktype, Cultural Affiliation/Cultural Period, Keyword, and Material.

NADB-Reports relies on the cooperation of State Historic Preservation Officers, State Archeologists, and others to enter, maintain, and update bibliographic data. The over 350,000 records currently in NADB-Reports were mostly compiled from state and territory databases across the country.

NPS staff and consultants from the National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers collect the data sets, check for duplicate records, clean up spelling and other errors to the extent possible, and convert some datasets from other applications. Every effort is made, therefore, to minimize the number of duplicate records, spelling errors, and abbreviations and acronyms in the master NADB-Reports dataset.

Queries to this database utilize several standard expressions or operators. The Boolean OR operator is the pipe | symbol that you may place between terms, e.g., HEMATITE|MAGNETITE. You may use the wildcard symbol % to indicate that one or more letters follow, e.g., WILD% for WILDS, WILDERNESS, or WILDCARD, or precede, e.g., %KEY for TURKEY or WHISKEYTOWN. Please note that these operators do not work in all the fields.

Help text for each field follows with more specific information.


Help On Results Type (back to query)

The Standard results type provides a bibliographic citation in the style of the American Antiquity journal.

The Expanded results type is in the style of the American Antiquity journal, and includes information on where the report is located and the name of the lead agency which sponsored the project. Since some of the contact information for where the report is located changes over time, you should check the websites for the State Historic Preservation Offices and the State Archaeologists.

The lead agency field provides a well-recognized acronym, particularly for the Federal agencies. The following list provides the full name of the most commonly used acronyms:

BIA - Bureau of Indian Affairs
BLM - Bureau of Land Management
BOR - Bureau of Reclamation
COE - U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
DOE - Department of Education
DOT - Department of Transportation
EPA - Environmental Protection Agency
FERC - Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
FHWA - Federal Highway Administration
FMHA - Farmers Home Administration
FS - Forest Service
FWS - Fish and Wildlife Service
HUD - Housing and Urban Development
NPS - National Park Service
NSF- National Science Foundation
OSM - Office of Surface Mining
SCS - Soils Conservation Service
      (now the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS))
SI - Smithsonian Institution
TVA - Tennessee Valley Administration
USDA - U.S. Department of Agriculture
USDI - U.S. Department of the Interior

UNK - Unknown
STA- State agency
ACA - Academic
PRI - Private
NA - Not Applicable


Help On State (back to query)

Enter either the full state name or the postal code for a state here.

Searches for more than one state, allowing a regional approach, are enabled for this field. Use the pipe symbol | between each state entered, e.g., ARKANSAS|MISSOURI|TENNESSEE or AR|MO|TN. No wild cards are allowed.


Help On County (back to query)

Enter the full name of a county here. No wildcards are allowed.

Multiple county names can be entered when separated by a pipe symbol |, e.g., WASHINGTON|FAULKNER|JOHNSON. The search will be greatly speeded up if you also enter a state name in the state field.


Help On Worktypes (back to query)

Enter a valid worktype here. A "worktype" is defined as the type of work on which the publication or report is based. Click here for a list of valid worktypes, although the most commonly used worktypes are:

  • Cultural Resource Management Plan
  • Archeological Overview and Assessment
  • Archeological Identification Study
  • Archeological Evaluation Study
  • Archeological Data Recovery
  • Archeological Collections and Non-Field Studies
  • Other Archeological Studies

Wildcards are allowed in this field, e.g., OVERVIEW% for a worktype beginning with OVERVIEW or %ASSESSMENT% for a worktype that contains the word ASSESSMENT. You can also enter more than one worktype by using the pipe symbol '|' as a separator. For example, %OVERVIEW%|%ASSESSMENT% will yield citations for publications based on worktypes that contain the words "overview" and "assessment".


Help On Cultural Affiliation/Cultural Period (back to query)

Enter a valid term for a cultural affiliation and/or a cultural time period here. These terms may relate to ancient cultural periods, such as ARCHAIC, LATE WOODLAND, or PUEBLO I, ancient culture names, such as ANASAZI or HOHOKAM, or to Native American tribes, such as CADDO or CREE.

Multiple terms may be entered to refine a search by using the pipe symbol | as a separator. For example, ARCHAIC can be used for a single query or ARCHAIC|WOODLAND for a multiple search. A few terms for cultural time periods and affililiations have several spellings, such as Paleoindian. We recommend that you use the pipe symbol to cover all spelling options in a search, e.g., PALEOINDIAN|PALEO-INDIAN.

Wildcards are also allowed and encouraged, particularly if you are interested in a cultural term that has several possible descriptors. For example, if you are interested in publications on any Pueblo site from the Pueblo I-III periods, you should enter PUEBLO%. If you are interested in publications on any Archaic sites spanning the Early through Late Archaic periods, you should enter %ARCHAIC.


Help On Keywords (back to query)

Enter a valid keyword here that describes a subject on which you want to search. Categories of keyword types used in this field include research emphases, archeological site names, project names, types of archeological field resources and features, map names, and geographical names (i.e., lakes, rivers, mountains, regions). No thesaurus of controlled vocabulary was used to develop the archeological keywords found in this field, although guidance on potentially useful terms was provided to data providers who used the NADB-R database software provided by NPS. The number of keywords in the resulting database is very large.

More than one term may be entered to refine a search by using the pipe symbol | as a separator, e.g., MOUND for a single search term or MOUND|BURIAL for a multiple term search. Some terms may have multiple spellings, use hyphens, or are treated as both one or two words. We recommend that you use the pipe symbol to cover all spelling or formatting options in a search, e.g., ARCHEOLOGY|ARCHAEOLOGY or FIRE CRACKED|FIRE-CRACKED. Wildcards are allowed, e.g., MOUND% for a keyword beginning with MOUND, including MOUNDS; %BURIAL% for a keyword that contains the word BURIAL, such as BURIAL GOODS.

A number of the NADB-Reports records do not contain keywords. We recommend that you search the "Title" field using an appropriate term, as well as the wildcard operator %, to make sure you have found all possible related records.


Help On Material (back to query)

Enter a valid term that relates to a type of material once used in the archeological record, such as LITHIC, BASALT, or COPPER. Or, enter a valid material type that is of concern to archeologists, such as CHARCOAL or SOIL.

More than one term may be entered to refine a search by using the pipe symbol | as a separator, e.g., LITHIC for a single search term or LITHIC|STONE|ROCK for a multiple term search. Wildcards are allowed, e.g., ROCK for a keyword beginning with ROCK, including ROCKS, or %ROCK% for a keyword that contains the word ROCK, such as FIRE-CRACKED ROCK.


Help On Publication Date (back to query)

You may search on a single year or a range of years. Two fields are provided. The first is for a Begin date. The second is for an End date. To search on a single year, enter the year in the first field only. To search on a range of years, enter the first year of the range in the first field and the last year of the range in the second field. Wildcards are not allowed.


Help On Authors (back to query)

Enter the name of an author here. Data entry in this field requires that the name is entered using a standard format: Lastname, Firstname Middleinitial, e.g., Doe, John A. Note that many data providers only entered initials for first and middle names. This field is not case sensitive.

Given the vagaries of the data in this field, particularly the different uses of initials, nicknames, etc., the wildcard operator % will be automatically used for all author names you enter. For example, if you search for all the publications of John A. Doe, you may enter: Doe, John A; Doe, John; Doe, J. To maximize your results, the wildcard % will automatically be put around your search terms: %Doe, John A%; %Doe, John%; %Doe, J%. Note that if you type Doe or %Doe%, this will probably yield a much larger set of records than those of Doe, John A. Also note that more than one author name is not permitted per search episode.


Help On Titles (back to query)

Enter the exact title of a publication (as it is stored) here. This field is not case sensitive.

Given the length of publication titles, we HIGHLY RECOMMEND that you use the wildcard operator %. For example, if you want to search for all publications with "Anasazi" in the title, you should enter %ANASAZI%. If you think that a title begins with a specific word such as "Archeological", enter ARCHEOLOGICAL%.
Note: You may use this field to double check publications which might contain a significant word (to you) in the title, but that word was not entered in the keyword field.


Help On Prepared By (back to query)

Enter all or a portion of the exact name of the organization, such as a Cultural Resources Management company, for which the author of a report works. This field is not case sensitive. Wildcards are allowed and encouraged. For example, if you want to search for a report by the "Public Archaeology Survey Team" in Connecticut, you can enter "%Survey%" in the "Prepared By" field and "CT" in the state field. Acronyms may be used, so also run a query for any organizations that are commonly known by their acronym, e.g. SRI.

In order to view the full results of your search, you must select the "Expanded" Results Type.


Help On Submitted To (back to query)

Enter all or a portion of the exact name of the organization, such as a federal, state or local agency, for which the report was written. This field is not case sensitive. Wildcards are allowed and encouraged. For example, if you want to search for a report written for the Bureau of Reclamation, you can enter "%Reclamation%" in the "Submitted To" field. Acronyms may be used, so run a query for any organizations that are commonly known by their acronym. For example, if you want to search for a publication report submitted to the SHPO of Connecticut, you can enter "%SHPO%" and "CT" in the state field.

In order to view the full results of your search, you must select the "Expanded" Results Type.

Return to NADB-R Query page
Return to top of page

CAST CONTACTS: Anne Gisiger, Bob Harris
NPS CONTACT: Terry Childs

 

 
National Park Service  |  Links to the Past  |  FOIA  |  Privacy  |  Disclaimer  |  FirstGov  |  CAST


NADB: National Archeological Database NADB-Reports Module